Classical Architecture – The front of this 18th century house in Burford, Oxfordshire, was designed in the classical style, which is based on the architecture used by the Ancient Greeks and Romans. The style was fashionable when the house was built.
UK Curriculum: Key Stage 2
Victorian House – this house belonged to a man called Thomas Hamilton. He was a builder who lived in Henley (Oxfordshire) during Victorian times; he built many of the houses on Queen Street. This building has many typical features of a Victorian house.
UK Curriculum: Key Stage 2
Explore Oxfordshire's Past – free access to the local history materials produced by academics and volunteers for England’s Past for Everyone. Resources include transcribed documents, images, text, and audio files that can be searched by location, theme, building type, time period, people and project.
Burford: Buildings and People in a Cotswold Town – explores the town's stunning buildings and the rich history behind them, from its creation by medieval planners and its role in the Cotswold wool trade to its later history as a small market town. Never before have the buildings been studied in such depth, and for the first time several have been scientifically tree-ring dated. The inclusion of a house-by-house gazetteer of the main streets makes this an indispensable guide for locals and visitors alike.
Reconstructing Medieval Towns – the analysis of medieval towns relies on the fact that the property boundaries which define urban house-plots (burgages) are very unlikely to change over time. In Burford it is still possible to find plots which have retained their original dimensions from the late 12th century.
Medieval Shops – like many other medieval towns, Burford's earliest shops were probably market stalls. Some may have stood in the centre of the street or under the Tolsey colonnade. Others stood in front of the house where the owner worked: a craftsmen or butcher. Over time these stalls became permanent structures. Fifteenth century shops are recognisable by their wide four-centered arched windows.
The Medieval House – medieval houses were built according to a specific plan. Three unit houses were built around a hall, which was open to a roof and had a central hearth. The layout of a medieval hall house reflected a hierarchical lifestyle.
Building with Stone – in Burford, stone buildings can reflect the status of a building and the owner's needs. Dry-stone walled structures were the cheapest to build, while on the contrary, dressed ashlar structures were more likely to be used for better quality homes.
Burford's Shopfronts – shopfronts have always been one of the most frequently replaced parts of town buildings, as on any modern High Street. Like many towns, Burford therefore has few early examples, despite its rich variety of domestic fronts. The earliest to survive is the important 18th century shopfront at 124 High Street. It is an apothecary's shop c.1734.