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In paper mills, the Hollander Beater is a machine that grinds up fibres or paper crumble into pulp.
The Medway Valley: a Kent landscape transformed: this EPE publication is now available to buy.
Papermaking Industries in Kent 1800 - 2008: discover how locality fits into a bigger picture - industrialisation of England in the 19th century.
Explore Kent's Past: free access to the local history materials produced by academics and volunteers.